Be Prepared In Case of an Emergency!
can happen anywhere at anytime. Would you know what to do if you or a
loved one needed help? Here's a quick checklist to see if you and your
home are safe:
- Keep a well-stocked first aid
kit. Store medication in a locked cabinet so kids can't access it. Keep
cleaning agents and dangerous chemicals out of reach. Keep all substances
in their original containers.
- Fire extinguishers are affordable. Keep one near the furnace, in
the garage, and anywhere else a fire may start. Make sure everyone knows
how to use them.
- Never leave a burning candle unattended or sleep while a candle is
- Space heaters can be dangerous if not used correctly. Make sure
yours will shut off if accidentally tipped over.
- Install smoke, gas and carbon monoxide detectors outside each
sleeping area in your home, and change batteries regularly.
- Make sure family members know how to shut off utilities, and post
the phone numbers for gas, water and electricity providers.
- Create and practice a home emergency/escape plan. Determine a
meeting place where your family can go if forced to leave the home; post a
note on your door telling others the date and time you left, and where
- Keep a bag stocked with cash, nonperishable food and water (3 days'
worth for each family member), battery-powered radio, flashlight,
first-aid kit, extra eyeglasses and prescription drugs, change of clothes
and sturdy shoes, keys, pet supplies, and blanket or sleeping bag. Make
sure all family members know where the bag is kept.
- Keep a radio, blanket, flashlight, first-aid kit, and fresh
batteries in every vehicle.
- Keep a phone list of emergency contacts in your vehicle and wallet
- Children should know their street address and last name, and how to
a local disaster strikes, you may not have much time to act. Prepare now
for a sudden emergency. Learn how to protect yourself and cope with
disaster by planning ahead. This checklist will help you get started.
Discuss these ideas with your family, then prepare an emergency plan. Post
the plan where everyone will see it--on the refrigerator or bulletin
board. For additional information about how to prepare for hazards in your
community, contact your local emergency management office and your
American Red Cross chapter.
Your Emergency Management Office or American Red Cross Chapter
out which disasters could occur in your area.
how to prepare for each disaster.
how you would be warned of an emergency.
your community's evacuation routes.
about special assistance for elderly or disabled persons.
your workplace about emergency plans.
about emergency plans for your children's school or day care center.
An Emergency Plan
with household members. Discuss with children the dangers of fire,
severe weather, earthquakes, and other emergencies.
how to respond to each disaster that could occur.
what to do about power outages and personal injuries.
a floor plan of your home. Mark two escape routes from each room.
how to turn off the water, gas, and electricity at main switches.
emergency telephone numbers near telephones.
children how and when to call 911, police, and fire.
household members to turn on the radio for emergency information.
one out-of-state and one local friend or relative for family members
to call if separated by disaster (it is often easier to call
out-of-state than within the affected area).
children how to make long distance telephone calls.
two meeting places.
- A place near your home in case of a fire.
- A place outside your neighborhood in case you cannot return home
after a disaster.
a Basic First Aid and CPR Class
family records in a water-and fire-proof container.
a Disaster Supplies Kit
supplies you might need in an evacuation. Store them in an easy-to-carry
container, such as a backpack or duffle bag. Include:
supply of water (one gallon per person per day). Store water in
sealed, unbreakable containers. Identify the storage date and replace
every six months.
supply of non-perishable packaged or canned food and a non-electric
change of clothing, rain gear, and sturdy shoes.
or sleeping bags.
first aid kit and prescription medications.
extra pair of glasses.
battery-powered radio, flashlight, and plenty of extra batteries.
cards and cash.
extra set of car keys.
list of family physicians.
list of important family information; the style and serial number of
medical devices, such as pacemakers.
items for infants, elderly, or disabled family members.
a fire or other emergency, you may need to evacuate your house, apartment,
or mobile home on a moment's notice. You should be ready to get out fast.
an escape plan by drawing a floor plan of your residence. Using a black or
blue pen, show the location of doors, windows, stairways, and large
furniture. Indicate the location of emergency supplies (Disaster Supplies
Kit), fire extinguishers, smoke detectors, collapsible ladders, first aid
kits, and utility shut off points. Next, use a colored pen to draw a
broken line charting at least two escape routes from each room. Finally,
mark a place outside of the home where household members should meet in
case of fire. Be sure to include important points outside, such as
garages, patios, stairways, elevators, driveways, and porches. If your
home has more than two floors, use an additional sheet of paper. Practice
emergency evacuation drills with all household members at least two times
a disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury and damage.
Anything that can move, fall, break, or cause a fire is a potential
defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections.
large, heavy objects on lower shelves.
pictures and mirrors away from beds.
overhead light fixtures.
water heater. Strap to wall studs.
cracks in ceilings or foundations.
weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products away from heat
oily polishing rags or waste in covered metal cans.
and repair chimneys, flue pipes, vent connectors, and gas vents.
Need to Evacuate. . .
to a battery-powered radio for the location of emergency shelters.
instructions of local officials.
protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
your Disaster Supplies Kit.
travel routes specified by local officials.
If you are sure you have time ...
off water, gas, and electricity, if instructed to do so.
others know when you left and where you are going.
arrangements for pets. Animals are not be allowed in public shelters.
an Emergency Car Kit:
powered radio and extra batteries
and extra batteries
extinguisher (5 lb., A-B-C type)
aid kit and manual
water and non-perishable high energy foods, such as granola bars,
raisins and peanut butter.
repair kit and pump
escape routes out of each room.
family members to stay low to the ground when escaping from a fire.
family members never to open doors that are hot. In a fire, feel the
bottom of the door with the palm of your hand. If it is hot, do not
open the door. Find another way out.
smoke detectors. Clean and test smoke detectors once a month.
batteries at least once a year.
a whistle in each bedroom to awaken household members in case of fire.
electrical outlets. Do not overload outlets.
a fire extinguisher (5 lb., A-B-C type).
a collapsible ladder on each upper floor of your house.
installing home sprinklers.